Enamel, also known as "Franc" and "Falan". In fact, it is also known as Cloisonne. It is a transliteration word of a foreign language. The word "enamel" originated from the ancient western geographical names of Sui and Tang dynasties in China. At that time, enamel glaze inlay crafts made in the Eastern Roman Empire and the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia were called flick inlay or Franc inlay or Franc machine, which was simplified as flick. When cloisonne appears, it turns to pronounce blue and then to enamel. From 1918 to 1956, enamel and enamel were synonymous. After the introduction of enamel painting technology into China, it developed in the Kang, Yong and Qian dynasties. The works of the three dynasties have their own characteristics in shape, glaze color, decoration and style. The enamel paintings in Kangxi period had bright and clean glaze, and the decorations were mainly sketched flowers and pattern flowers. In Yongzheng Dynasty, the enamel paintings were neatly made and the black glaze was shiny, which surpassed the Kang and Qian dynasties. During Qianlong period, the decoration of enamel paintings tended to be "dense" and "meticulous" stacking style, which resulted in more decorative ways of combining Chinese and Western. The phenomenon of combining painting enamel with internal enamel and enamel filaments appeared in the process.
The general pot appeared in the late Ming Dynasty. The general pot in the late Ming Dynasty was short and clumsy. In the Shunzhi period of the Qing Dynasty, the basic shape was straight mouth, short neck, abundant shoulders and drum belly. The lower part of the abdomen receives gradually, mostly flat-bottomed glassless, round and tall. Kangxi period is the period when the military cans are widely popular. At this time, the shape of the round cans will be stretched shoulder and abdomen, elongated neck, tighten the ring foot, making the shape of the general cans appear upright and magnificent!
The twisted pattern is one of the traditional patterns in ancient China. As the most common pattern on porcelain. It prevailed after the Yuan Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty, or "twisting branches", used plant branches or vines as skeleton, extending up, down, left and right to form a wave-like two-way or four-way continuity, cycling and changing endlessly. After ten years of catastrophe, the cloisonne before the late Qing Dynasty remained almost nonexistent among the people in China. Rare stock and vast market demand form a clear contrast and value-added space.