大家都在搜

釉里红海兽纹碗大明宣德年制



  明代宣德年间景德镇官窑瓷器年号款。有刻款、印款及书写款。刻款有阴文也有阳文。多用楷书,也有篆体书写。大多围以双圈,也有单圈或不围圈,少数围以长方框,或长方框外加双圈。既有横排也有竖排,花饰多样。落款位置既有器心、器底、口沿、器肩、器腹,也有里壁、底面、碗盖的,并无定则,变化之多为明代款识之最。明代正德、嘉靖、万历、天启、崇祯朝寄托年号款。落款部位,除天启的部分瓷品外,概在底面。款字两行排列,以青花楷书为多见。边饰有青花单圈、青花双圈、双线方框、双线长方框四种。部分无边饰:该款比“大明宣德年造”款多见。

  The Ming Dynasty Xuande years Jingdezhen official kiln porcelain year number. There are engraving, printing and writing money. There are yin and Yang texts. More use of script, but also written body. Most of them are surrounded by double laps, there are also single circles or no circles, and a few are surrounded by long boxes, or long boxes plus two laps. There are both horizontal and vertical rows and various floral ornaments. The location of the drop is both the heart, the bottom, the mouth edge, the shoulder, and the abdomen, as well as the inner wall, the bottom surface, and the bowl cover. There is no rule, and the change is the most obvious in the Ming Dynasty. The Ming Dynasty Zhengde, Jiajing, Wanli, Apocalypse, and Chongzhen placed the year number. The part of the drop, except for some of the Apocalypse porcelain products, is outlined on the bottom. The two lines of the paragraph are arranged in two lines. There are four kinds of side ornaments: green flowers, green flowers, double rings, double boxes, and double boxes. Part of the boundless decoration: This model is more common than the "Ming Dynasty Xuande Year" model.

  

4cb0780e412844ea4b46d7707ba41050.jpg

 

  海兽纹瓷器纹饰。也称“海兽鱼涛纹”。宋代已见,如邯郸市文物研究所藏大定五年(1165年)白地黑划花海兽衔鱼纹豆形枕等。明代海兽纹盛行,多见青花器。也有以汹涌波涛作地,绘海马、狮、象,翼龙和鱼等各色海兽鱼类奔逐其问,称“海八怪”。这种纹饰始于明宣德朝,以青花与红彩互为衬托,明代后期采用青花一色绘画。釉里红瓷是汉族传统陶瓷中的艺术珍品,属于元代中期景德镇汉族劳动人民的重要发明之一。制作工序与同时代的青花瓷大体相同。它是以氧化铜作着色剂,于胎上绘画纹饰后,罩施透明釉,在高温还原焰气氛中烧成。因红色花纹在釉下,故称釉里红瓷。自古我国民间常以红色代表富贵、吉庆、祥和,所以釉里红色泽自它诞生以来,一直为世人所追捧。与其他瓷器比起来,“釉里红”瓷器的烧制难度极高,对工匠而言更是极大的挑战。由于铜红料甚为敏感,制作过程中无论是底釉成分、铜红料比例或焙烧温度,都必须达到最精确的水平,稍有偏差,便往往导致其不能达到预期的一抹艳红。因此,“釉里红”在创烧之初很不成功,轻易烧不成,色彩鲜艳的“釉里红”难得一见,颜色多为浅红、黑红、灰黑色。故其在拍卖场上能跟青花瓷一样纵横天下,频频拍出高于估价许多的天价。

  Sea animal pattern porcelain decoration. Also known as "the sea beast Yutao pattern." The Song Dynasty has seen, such as the Handan City Institute of Cultural Relics Tibetan Dading five years(1165) Baidi black stroke flower sea beasts with fish-shaped bean pillows. The sea animal pattern prevailed in the Ming Dynasty and there were many green flowers. There are also sea horses, lions, elephants, pterosaurs, and fish that are painted with turbulent waves. This kind of decoration began in the Ming Xuande Dynasty, with blue flowers and red colors as the backdrop to each other. In the late Ming Dynasty, green flowers were used as a color painting. Glazed red porcelain is an art treasure in Han traditional ceramics and belongs to one of the important inventions of the Han working people in Jingdezhen in the middle of the Yuan Dynasty. The production process is roughly the same as that of contemporary blue and white porcelain. It is made of copper oxide as a colorant. After painting on the tire, it is covered with transparent glaze and burned in a high-temperature reducing flame atmosphere. Because the red pattern is under the glaze, it is called glazed red porcelain. Since ancient times, Chinese folk often use red to represent wealth, auspicious, peaceful, so glaze red color since its birth, has been sought after by the world. Compared with other porcelain, the "glazed red" porcelain is extremely difficult to burn, and it is a great challenge for craftsmen. Because the copper red material is very sensitive, whether it is the bottom glaze composition, the proportion of copper red material or the roasting temperature, it must reach the most accurate level during the production process. If there is a slight deviation, it will often lead to it not reaching the expected bright red. Therefore, the "glaze red" was very unsuccessful at the beginning of the burning, and it was not easy to burn. The brightly colored "glaze red" was rare, and the colors were mostly light red, black red, and gray black. Therefore, it can be the same as blue and white porcelain in the auction field, and frequently shoot a lot of higher than the valuation of the sky price.

  

4cb0780e412844ea4b46d7707ba41050.jpg

 

  这对釉里红海兽纹碗,明宣德,高5cm,口径10.4cm,足径4.6cm。碗撇口,深弧腹,丰底。通体施白釉,釉面泛橘皮纹。碗外壁在白色的釉面上凸起海兽花纹。内底青花双线圈内署青花楷书“大明宣德年制” 双行六字款。此器造型端庄,兽纹刻画生动活泼,仿佛三只海兽首尾相随于水中。莹润的橘皮纹白釉与明艳的釉里红纹饰互相衬托,相映成趣。釉里红海兽纹碗是明宣德时出现的新颖品种,这种釉里红碗在明代万历、天启及清代的康熙、雍正朝都有仿制,其中以康熙朝仿品最为乱真,但釉面不及真品肥腴明亮,腹部欠丰满,线条略显生硬。值得一提的是,此种釉里红瓷器上的海兽纹系高温铜红釉的局部使用,其兽纹凸起,具有天然红宝石般光泽,文献称之为“釉里红宝烧”,它与一般意义上以铜红彩描绘图案纹饰的釉里红瓷器有所不同,不可混为一谈。

  This pair of glaze red sea animal grain bowl, Ming Xuande, high 5cm, diameter 10.4 cm, foot diameter 4.6 cm. Bowl skim, deep arc abdomen, rich bottom. The whole body is coated with white glaze and the glazed surface is orange. The outer wall of the bowl is raised on the white glaze. The inner bottom of the Qinghua Double Line Department Qinghua script "Daming Xuande Year System" double-line six-character. This device is dignified in shape, and the animal pattern is vivid and lively, as if the three sea beasts followed each other in the water. Yingrun orange skin pattern white glaze and bright glaze red ornaments set off each other, phase into fun. The Red Sea animal grain bowl in the glaze is a novel species that appeared during the Ming Xuande period. This glazed red bowl was copied in the Wanli, Apocalypse, and Kangxi and the Qing Dynasty in the Ming Dynasty. Among them, the imitation of the Kangxi Dynasty was the most chaotic., but the glaze is not as bright as the real product. The abdomen is full and the lines are slightly stiff. It is worth mentioning that the sea animal pattern on this kind of glazed red porcelain is used locally in the high-temperature copper red glaze. Its animal pattern is raised and has a natural Ruby luster. The literature calls it "glazed red treasure burn". It is different from the glazed red porcelain decorated with copper red color in the general sense and can not be confused.

  

4cb0780e412844ea4b46d7707ba41050.jpg


 

 

 
 此《釉里红海兽纹碗 大明宣德年制》来自江西刘先生的珍藏,将参加2019.6.30-2019.7.1的泰国展览展销及拍卖,有意向者请与相关业务经理联系!

  This "Glazed Red Sea Beast Style Bowl Daming Xuande Year System" is a collection of Mr. Liu of Jiangxi Province. It will participate in the 2019.6.30-2019.7.1 exhibition and auction in Thailand. Please contact the relevant business manager for intentions!




上一篇:青花六方ices大明宣德年制
下一篇:有用分期说红烧小带鱼,记得用上这一步,全家抢着吃
江西采茶戏欧洲巡演首站亮相布拉格
乔拜登宣布竞选总统