宣德青花瓷是明代宣德年间景德镇御窑厂烧造的青花瓷器，在中国陶瓷发展史上具有很重要的地位。它以其古朴、典雅的造型，晶莹艳丽的釉色，多姿多彩的纹饰而闻名于世，与明代其他各朝的青花瓷器相比，其烧制技术达到了最高峰，成为中国瓷器名品之一，其成就被称颂为“开一代未有之奇”。宣德青花胎体比永乐朝厚重，胎质精密细腻、洁白坚硬。《景德镇陶录》评价宣德瓷器：“诸料悉精，青花最贵。” 宣德青花瓷以纹饰取胜，纹饰画得十分规矩，从不出边线。画笔分实笔和勾勒渲染两种，实笔多为细线条，勾勒渲染多为粗线条和纹饰，线条流畅，纹路清晰，有一气呵成感。 觚是仿古铜器造型，敞口，腹微鼓，足外撇，口部底部都呈喇叭状，为明代著名瓷器形制之一。
Xuande Qinghua porcelain is a blue-and-white porcelain fired by Jingdezhen Yuyao Factory during the Xuande period of the Ming Dynasty. It has a very important position in the history of Chinese ceramic development. It is famous for its simple and elegant shape, brilliant glaze color, and colorful decoration. Compared with other Qing Dynasty porcelain in the Ming Dynasty, its firing technology reached its highest peak and became one of the famous Chinese porcelain products. Its achievements were praised as "the wonder of opening a generation." Xuande Qinghua fetal body is heavier than Yongle, and the fetal quality is precise and delicate, white and hard. "Jingdezhen Tao Lu" evaluation Xuande porcelain: "All materials know fine, blue flowers are the most expensive. "Xuande Qinghua porcelain won with decoration, and the decoration was very regular and never came out of the line. The brush is divided into two kinds: solid pen and outline rendering. The real pen is mostly thin lines. The outline rendering is mostly thick lines and textures. The lines are smooth, the lines are clear, and there is a sense of one move. is an imitation bronze style, open, abdominal microdrum, foot outside, the bottom of the mouth is trumpet-shaped, is one of the famous porcelain shape of the Ming Dynasty.
The wine drinker and ritual. Prevalently in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the role is equivalent to a glass. The shape is a circular slender body, a trumpet-shaped mouth, a mouth, a thin waist, and a foot outside. There is often a bulge in the lower abdomen of the body, and two ribs are used as decorations near the foot. In the early and middle period of the Shang Dynasty, the body of the cymbals was relatively short and short, and there was a "ten" word hole in the circle. From the late Shang Dynasty to the early Western Zhou Dynasty, the body was slender, the middle waist was thinner, the mouth was even worse along the foot, and there was no "ten" word hole on the foot. During this period, the fetal body was heavy, and the body was often decorated with Silkworm patterns, crickets, and banana leaves. The late Western Zhou Dynasty gradually disappeared. In ancient times, with the continuous improvement of Chinese porcelain firing technology, the shape of porcelain was more abundant, and many furnishings began to have certain practical functions. After the development of the Jiajing and Wanli dynasties in the Ming Dynasty, the shape of the flower pods was also more diversified. Interested friends will probably see this item in the costume TV series. The decorative art work of the flower Bud actually began in the Yuan Dynasty, and it was mainly popular during the period from Yuming, Wanli to Qing Emperor Qianlong.
After the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, the burning of blue and white porcelain entered a broader era. During this period, blue-and-white porcelain reached a very high height in history. Especially in the years of Yongle and Xuande in the early Ming Dynasty, the development of blue and white porcelain has received more extensive attention. The blue and white porcelain of this period used the famous Su Ma Li Qing glaze, making Yongxuan Qinghua porcelain appear very attractive bright blue. Between the blue and white, the craftsmen used very skilled strokes to draw exquisite patterns. By the end of the Ming Dynasty, due to the use of Suma from the blue glaze, the blue and white porcelain in the late Ming Dynasty began to gradually decline. After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, especially during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, the domestic blue-and-white glaze was finally successfully developed. Therefore, the Qing Dynasty blue-and-white porcelain began to appear, recover and develop. In the early Qing Dynasty, due to the further improvement of the porcelain manufacturing process, the blue-and-white porcelain at this time was burned and showed a more stable blue color, and there were many innovations in the device type. The pair that we see today, the Ming Dynasty Xuande system of the six-nation system was collected by Mr. Liu of Jiangxi Province for many years. It is itself a very precious device type among the blue and white porcelain fired during the Ming Dynasty Xuande years. On this pair of Xuande Qinghua hexagonal seals, the craftsmen changed the image of the traditional round bottle to a hexagonal square bottle image. In porcelain manufacturing, circular porcelain is easier to make. Because round porcelain can be placed on a dedicated wheel for drawing. The square bottle must be made into a blank by hand, and it is connected by assembly, so it is difficult to succeed in making a blank. In this pair of Xuande Qinghua hexagonal, a variety of different patterns are painted. These patterns represent the meaning of multiple clocks and are a pair of very auspicious furnishings. This pair of blue flowers has a height of 31.6 cm and is a rare large piece of artifacts in blue porcelain. The entire device type is very grand, the overall glaze is lined with blue and white, and it looks very fresh and elegant. The blue pattern is against the white, showing the feeling of verdant.
This "Sanhua Sangha Xuande Year System" is a collection of Mr. Liu of Jiangxi Province. It will participate in the 2019.6.30-2019.7.1 exhibition and auction in Thailand. Please contact the relevant business manager for intentions!上一篇:宋代风格青瓷碗 下一篇:釉里红海兽纹碗大明宣德年制