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宋代风格青瓷碗



  

  宋朝瓷器,即宋代的瓷器,宋代是传统制瓷工艺发展史上一个非常繁荣昌盛的时期。现时已发现的古代陶瓷遗址分布于全国170个县。其中有宋代窑址的就有130个县,占总数的75%。陶瓷史家通常将宋代陶瓷窑大致概括为6个瓷窑系,它们分别是:北方地区的定窑系、耀州窑系、钧窑系和磁州窑系;南方地区的龙泉青瓷系和景德镇的青白瓷系。这些窑系一方面具有因受其所在地区使用原材料的影响而具有的特殊性,另一方面又有受帝国时代的政治理念、文化习俗、工艺水平制约而具有的共同性。

  Song Dynasty porcelain, that is, the porcelain of the Song Dynasty, the Song Dynasty is a very prosperous period in the history of the development of traditional porcelain craftsmanship. The ancient ceramic sites that have been discovered so far are distributed in 170 counties across the country. Among them, there are 130 counties with kiln sites in the Song Dynasty, accounting for 75 % of the total. Ceramic historians usually summarize the ceramic kilns of the Song Dynasty into six porcelain kilns. They are: Dingyao, Yaozhou Kiln, Yan Kiln and Cizhou Kiln in the northern region; Longquan celadon in the South and Qingbai porcelain in Jingdezhen. On the one hand, these kilns have special characteristics due to the use of raw materials in their regions, and on the other hand, they are common to the political ideas, cultural customs, and technological levels of the imperial era.

  

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  近些年宋瓷在价格上相对“暴涨”,但有关专家认为它还有很大的升值空间可挖掘,而且其市场还颇有些“墙里开花墙外香”的味道。“可以这样说,宋瓷的价格平均每年翻一番,它在逐渐告别低谷。”于馆长举例说,比如一把宋代耀州官窑的瓷壶,它的市场价格不到20万元,但是在伦敦苏富比拍卖会上却以680多万元的高价成交,“七八年前宋瓷在江浙一带进行个人交换时,一般的价格都在几万元左右,但是现在一只瓷碗也要十几万了。”他还分析说,即使是这样,宋瓷的价格相比明清瓷器动辄几百万的数额还是有明显的升值潜力。从欧美成熟的拍卖市场看,中国宋瓷不断。

  In recent years, Song porcelain has been relatively "skyrocketing" in prices, but relevant experts believe that it still has a lot of room for appreciation, and its market is still quite a bit of "flowering outside the wall" flavor. "It can be said that Song porcelain's price has doubled every year on average. It is gradually moving away from the trough. For example, the curator said that for example, a porcelain pot from Yaozhou Guanyao in the Song Dynasty had a market price of less than 200,000 yuan, but it was sold at a high price of more than 6.8 million yuan at the Sotheby's auction in London. "When Song porcelain was exchanged in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, The general price is about tens of thousands of yuan, but now a porcelain bowl must be more than 100,000. He also analyzed that even so, the price of Song porcelain has a significant potential for appreciation compared to the millions of porcelain in the Ming and Qing dynasties. From the mature auction market in Europe and the United States, Chinese Song porcelain is constantly.

  

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  这一对宋代风格的青瓷碗,由江西赵女士收藏多年,(左)高 6CM 口径 14.8CM 底径 5.5CM (右) 高 5.2CM 口径14.5CM 底径4.6CM,宋代瓷碗品类异常繁复,常见品类主要有青釉、粉青釉、青绿釉、天青釉、淡青釉、青白釉、白釉、、淡天青釉、淡青釉、深绿色釉、黑釉、酱色釉、褐釉、豆青釉、窑变红釉、梅子青釉、兔豪釉等等。不过我们仔细分析这些色彩,不难看出其色调是以青、黑、白等色彩演变而来,如粉青釉、青绿釉、天青釉有、淡青釉、青白釉、淡天青釉等是青色的衍生色,而兔豪釉、油滴釉等色彩,应该属于黑釉,只不过加入了窑变的元素,同样钧瓷的“入窑一色,出窑万彩”以及“钧红”,实质上都是青瓷在色彩上窑变的结果。造型以简洁和实用为主,这与宋代瓷碗主要为人们日常生活当中的进食器有关,宋代瓷碗在细部造型上的变化十分丰富。如口、唇、沿、腹、底、足等部位的变化十分丰富,有的仅衍生生造型就可以达到数十种,但这些造型上的变化极其微小,另外,大多数宋代瓷碗在造型上秉承了实用的原则,这应该与其民间窑场生存第一的需要有关。民窑在造型上使用的原则,对官窑瓷碗的造型有很大影响,如著名的汝窑瓷碗在造型上也是朴实无华,未有娇柔造作之气。

  宋瓷瓷简洁雅致,制作工艺严苛,玛瑙入釉用料名贵。宋瓷一般为天青色,色略淡,部分开有冰裂片,釉色光泽莹润。由于烧造时间短且烧成难度大,从文献记载看,宋代瓷器在南宋时期就已有“近尤难得”之说,流传至今的产品数量则更为有限。根据故宫博物院最新统计,传世北宋瓷器仅有90多件,主要收藏在故宫博物院、台北故宫、英国大英博物馆(含大维德基金会)和上海博物馆等单位。因此,汝窑瓷器以传世稀少和具有极高的审美价值而备受世人青睐。

  This pair of Song Dynasty style porcelain bowls has been collected by Ms. Zhao of Jiangxi Province for many years,(left) high 6CM diameter 14.8 CM bottom diameter 5.5 CM(right) high 5.2 CM diameter 14.5 CM bottom diameter 4.6 CM, Song Dynasty porcelain bowls are extremely complicated, Common categories mainly include green glaze, pink green glaze, green glaze, green glaze, light green glaze, green glaze, white glaze, light green glaze, light green glaze, light green glaze, dark green glaze, black glaze, sauce-colored glaze, brown glaze, bean green glaze, kiln red glaze, plum green glaze, rabbit luxury glaze, etc.. And ... However, we carefully analyze these colors, it is not difficult to see that its colors evolved from blue, black, white and other colors. For example, pink and green glazes, green glazes, green glazes, pale glazes, green glazes, light glazes, etc. are the derivative colors of cyan. The colors such as rabbit glaze and oil drop glaze should belong to black glaze, but the elements of the kiln change have been added. The same porcelain "into the kiln color, out of the kiln color" and "red" are essentially celadon in color. The result of kiln change. The shape is mainly simple and practical. This is related to the Song Dynasty porcelain bowl, which is mainly for people's daily food intake. The change of the Song Dynasty porcelain bowl in the detailed shape is very rich. For example, the changes in the parts of the mouth, lips, edges, abdomen, bottom, and feet are very rich, and some of them can only reach dozens of shapes, but the changes in these shapes are extremely small. In addition, Most of the porcelain bowls in the Song Dynasty adhere to the principle of practical modeling, which should be related to the need for the survival of its folk kiln. The principle used by the people's kiln in modeling has a great influence on the shape of the official kiln porcelain bowl. For example, the famous kiln porcelain bowl is also unpretentious in its shape and has no delicate and soft atmosphere.

  Song porcelain is simple and elegant, the production process is harsh, and the Agate glaze material is precious. Song porcelain is generally sky blue, slightly lighter in color, partially open with ice cracks, glazed light and shiny. Due to the short burning time and the difficulty of firing, from the literature records, the Song Dynasty porcelain had already said that it was "particularly rare" during the Southern Song Dynasty, and the number of products circulating so far was even more limited. According to the latest statistics of the Palace Museum, there are only more than 90 pieces of Northern Song Dynasty porcelain, which are mainly collected in the Palace Museum, the Taipei Palace Museum, the British Museum(including the Great Weide Foundation) and the Shanghai Museum. Therefore, the kiln porcelain has been favored by the world for its scarcity and extremely high aesthetic value.

  

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  此《宋代风格青瓷碗》来自江西赵女士的珍藏,将参加2019.6.30-2019.7.1的泰国展览展销及拍卖,有意向者请与相关业务经理联系!

  This "Song Dynasty Style Porcelains Bowl" from Ms. Zhao of Jiangxi Province, will participate in the 2019.6.30-2019.7.1 Thailand exhibition and auction, please contact the relevant business manager!




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